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CODET shares experience at World Retinopathy of Prematurity Congress 10/13/2017

CODET shares experience at World Retinopathy of Prematurity Congress

 

Retinopathy of Prematurity is one of the most important causes of low vision in children. From August 31st to September 2nd 2017, the IV World ROP Meeting 2017 took place in the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Cancun, Mexico.

According to the American Academy of Ophthalmology, Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is one of the leading causes of visual disability and blindness in children from low-income and medium-income countries. It is estimated that in 2010, 32,200 infants developed loss of vision due to this condition.

Unfortunately, in many low-income and medium-income countries, services for premature newborns don’t have the adequate levels to prevent ROP, which means that infants with this disease are not treated in due time.

Retinopathy of Prematurity is an alteration in the retina, which is the tissue in the eye located on the back of it. It is made of light sensitive sensors that transform the light that passes through the crystalline lens into electrical impulses to be sent later to the brain through the optical nerve to be translated into images that makes the miracle of vision possible.

According to the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Retinopathy of Prematurity occurs because the blood vessels that feed the retina grow in an abnormal way in babies that are born before their due date which can lead to blindness.

This is the fourth edition of the Global ROP Congress, which has been attended by ophthalmologists, neonatologists and nurses that assist newborns. The purpose of these conferences is to work to prevent visual loss and share the latest in research such as the cases of premature babies born at 6 months or 3 months after birth. 

The doctors of CODET Vision Institute, always at the forefront in the treatment of ocular pathologies at any age, have been invited to give a presentation about this topic at the conference. 


Dr. Irma Zamudio at World ROP Congress 2017

Dr. Irma Zamudio presented the subjects “Risk factors for having a premature child” and “Risk factors for having retinopathy in a premature baby” with the goal of raising awareness of the importance of early detection of ocular damage in the premature baby and preventing visual disability in the child.

The earlier a premature baby is born, the less their retina (the inner layer of the eye that allows seeing)  has developed and is at more risk of having this disease. If the premature child needs to receive oxygen or has any complications, they can have a more serious case of ROP.

Although in most cases, ROP is cured with no treatments and no consequences, in some children it can progress and can lead to blindness. But on-time management and adequate treatment can avoid this.

That’s why every premature child that at birth weighs less than 1500 grams and has 32 or less weeks of gestational age and those who have more weight and gestational age at birth that receive oxygen or show complications, must be always be seen and managed by an ophthalmologist while hospitalized and before being discharged.

All premature children (of any weight and gestational age) that need oxygen, must always be taken care of permanently with a device called pulse oximetry to make sure that they receive the amount of oxygen they need. That’s why it is necessary that the alarms are set according to recommendations.

If your premature baby needs to receive oxygen, must always be monitored with a pulse oximetry. If they don’t have it, be sure to ask for it.

Your premature child must be monitored by an ophthalmologist while hospitalized and always before being discharged if:

  • They were born weighing less than 1500 grams and 32 weeks or less of gestational age.
  • It was bigger but received oxygen or showed complications. If it is not like this, be sure to ask for it.

Once the baby has been discharged from the hospital, besides being checked and seen by the pediatrician or neonatologist, it is imperative that all sorts of monitoring and control are followed according to what the ophthalmologist indicates.

 

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